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China 27, Bbc News 6, Obama 5, Us 5, Afghanistan 4, America 4, Shanghai 4, Geneva 4, Rome 4, Los Angeles 3, Kcet 3, U.s. 3, New York 3, Beijing 3, Canberra 3, United States 2, Catherine T. Macarthur 2, Newman 2, John D. 2, Peyton Manning 2,
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  WHUT    BBC World News    News/Business.  
   International issues. (CC)  

    November 16, 2009
    7:00 - 7:30am EST  

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>> bbc world news is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t.
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macarthur foundation. union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wi range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? he tells the chinese people that the two countries did not have to be adversaries. >> we know that more is to be
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gained one great powers cooperate than when they collide. >> no longer -- the government of australia apologizes to hundreds of thousands of children of used in state care. >> we come together today to deal with an ugly chapter in our nation's history and we come together today to offer our nation's apology. >> the sicilian mafia take a hit as the mob boss on the run for 15 years is captured. recession, what recession? sotheby's looking for big spenders for its magnificent jewel auction. >> it is 7:00 a.m. in washington, midday in london and 8:00 in the evening in beijing where president obama has ended his first day on chinese soil. tuesday will see a meeting with president who jintao. in his pronouncements so far we
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have a clue of president obama's approach. the two countries, he says, are -- are not destined to be adversaries. but in a question and answer session with young people in shanghai he did not duck the issue of individual rights and freedoms, saying they are universal. >> in china, this is not the kind of policy they are used to. the president prepared to discuss and debate with students live on tv. >> it is a great honor -- >> he started with an assurance that the u.s. wanted to work with china. >> we did not seek to impose any system of government on any other nation. but w also don't believe that the principles thate stand for are unique to our nation's. more is to be gained one great powers cooperate and when they collide. please. >> but the questions, when they came, were pretty gentle. he responded with cautious,
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careful replies. sidestepping an opportunity to speak out strongly on china's human rights record. most critical, when talking about restrictions on the use of the internet. >> i am a big supporter of not restricting internet use, internet access, and other information technologies like twitter. the more open we are, the more we can communicate and also helped to draw the world together. >> the events were strains live on the internet by the white house. in chinese television, only viewers in shanghai could watch the president's remarks in full. >> president obama wanted to use this event to speak directly to as many chinese people as they could. he already enjoys a high profile for a foreign leader in china. he is hoping to use that popularity to strengthen the ties between the americans and the chinese. in some ways, those ties are already closer than ever.
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this shanghais starbucks looks and smells like any you find in america. the chinese have embraced the american broke. asked about obama and you find a similar enthusiasm for president quite unlike their own. he is a young man, this woman says, he is open-minded. his visits to china makes us feel like the distance between the two countries is shortened. his visit shows china's influence is increasing and as chinese, that makes us happy. here it is clear, he has won over many ordinary chinese. but winning the support of their leaders will be harderand presio help solve the mass of the challenges of the two countries face. bbc news, shanghai. >> quentin, if you have to say what was different about
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president obama compared to his predecessors, what would it be, you think? >> elwell, president obama enjoys more popularity than his predecessors but he does not enjoy the same popularity in china that he enjoys and oer countries around the world. there is not an obamamania here. but he seems to have won some success on two things. first of all, he did not meet with the ballet llama -- dalai lama. that may have not pleased to human-rights groups but it pleased the leadership. the other things he has done, one of the first american president in many years to come to china in his first year in office. many ordinary chinese people feel that the united states is trying to contain china, is trying to prevent china to rise
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and that it does not see -- give china its proper due respect and i coming here this early he is giving china some of the respected deserves. >> i was saying that actually all of this is a precursor to the meeting tomorrow, the summit between the two leaders. how do you expect that? what are your thoughts about that? >> president obama said very clearly today in that speech in shanghai. george, let me tell you, on the evening news that has just been broadcast, they did not get to obama's visit until 20 minutes into the bulletin. it gives you an idea how china is treating the visit here. not with the same kind of pomp and ceremony as he might get elsewhere in the world. but at that meeting tomorrow they will discuss some of the biggest issues. they will discuss in the global economy and climate change. as president obama said, if
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china and america cannot agree on this -- these issues than the world cannot agree on these issues. >> thank you very much. by any standard it is an apology long overdue. our route half-million people known as forgotten australians were abused or neglecte in orphanages between 1930 to 1970. now the country's prime minister has said sorry for all of the pain calls. amid highly emotional scenes, kevin rudd express's hope that a national apology would help to, as he put it, feel the pain. >> they were drawn to canberra with the promise of single words -- hundreds of forgotten was brilliant and former britain shout my great -- migrants for whom the term of use seems wholly inadequate. some 500,000 forgotten australians were abused or neglected in children's homes
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from 1930 until 1970. there are still some fat -- 7000 british child migrants who were victims of physical, psychological, and often sexual mistreatment. kevin rub wanted to apologize for what he called the evil they suffered in orphanages and institutions. the being brought to australia often without their parents' consent. >> would come together today to deal with an ugly chapter in our nation's history. and we come together today to offer our nation's apology. to say to you, the forgotten australians, and those who were sent to our shores as children without their consent, that we are sorry. >> this was a solemn national apology but it has been so long coming that it felt as well like a national celebration. and certainly, a moment of catharsis. damn it is about time.
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-- new 9 >> it is about time. >> would make a difference to you? >> the government, they took us as children and put us into care. now that got the decency to apologize now. but i do think it is up to that institutions to do it. not just the government. >> it is not closed. nothing is ever closed. pain and torment stays with you forever. >> i feel relieved, and, yes, uplifted. >> gordon brown says he one of the liver and long awaited apology of his own, after consulting with victims. following the 7 -- ceremony, some 40 child migrants visited the british high commission in canberra. one said it was like a lost tribe of finally returning home. bbc news, canberra.
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>> let me give you a roundup of some of the stories. aung san suu kyi called for a direct meeting with the head of burma's military government. in a letter apparently sent last week the detained pro-democracy leader says she wishes to cooperate with the military government on issues which will benefit the nation's. russia has said and nuclear power station has been building in iran won't be started up as planned for this year. russia's energy minister said the delay in launching the plant in southern iran was due to what it called technical reasons. the governing party and cause of all planned victory and the first local elections since it declared independence from serbia. the vote was calmly and turnout thought to be higher than expected in some areas. we will have a full business report in 25 minutes. let us see what you are going to have in that report.
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japanese economy. >> the country is growing for the second consecutive quarter, 1.2%, and after the worst recession since the second world war not bad going. but as business news is, often tempered with things like stimulus measures, that this is the only thing that is creating this -- a tax break, spending on big capital projects. so the big worry in this is that private individuals, people like you and me, they are not driving this through. they are not going on buying their televisions and cars. that is the concern at the moment. >> in the 1990's there was a whole question of deflation. >> i don't think it's over at all. tigert -- figures out friday showing it will happen to get -- again. people putting off high ticket items. but that is for another day. >> thank you. a leading mafia boss of that has been on the run for 15 years has finally been caught by italian
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police. described by the authorities as a the number two, he was arrested in western sicily. our rome correspondent banking kennedy has the latest and we warn you there is some flash photography. >> on the run for some 15 years, one of sicily's top mafia fugitives is now in police hands. he was seized at a house in the western tip of the island, and arrests described by the interior minister as one of the strongest blow inflicted on mafia organizations in recent years. among his murders is that of a nine year old board, the son of a rival, the child's body was thrown into a vat of acid. no wonder, local people were celebrating. rqacculglia is said to be the no. 2 mafia violence who killed his opponents with astonishing silence. his captor was greeted with
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relief and joy. at least one of his associates was also picked up with him in the raid. the cosa nostra has been on the back foot for many years now. italian security forces have made a deliberate attempt to diminish its influence. other mafia gangs operating on the mainland have become far more powerful and fearsome. the arrest is a further sign of the state's intention to take on organized crime where it can. although it knows and other areas the mob still flourishes. duncan kennedy, bbc news, rome. >> this is "world news today." comingp, more mouths to feed and less food to go around. world leaders gathered in rome to discuss how to feed a hungry planet. >> the first raf helicopters
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arrived in afghanistan for air support for british soldiers in the front line. full deployment would complete by the end of this year, the sick and again increase in u.k. helicopters available to commanders on the ground. >> cruise on the merlon has been on training for months in california. the desert replicating the hot and dusty conditions and afghanistan. the deployment of the helicopters, after fierce criticism of the government on the number of helicopters available to transport british -- troops. one was damaged in a hard landing during training. this medium lift helicopter can carry around 20 troops. it was used extensively in iraq, flying thousands of missions. it can also transrt cargo to help resupply british forces. around 45 million pounds has been spent upgrading them.
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the personnel has arrived after being loaded. after being assembled and tested in afghanistan it should take to the skies in a matter of weeks with more to follow. bbc news. >> french forces say insurgents have fired at least two markets in a crowded marketplace in a town northeast of kabul where the head of the french forces in afghanistan was holding a meeting with tribal elders. three children were killed and another three seriously wounded. french forces say it appears the brigadier-general was the target and he was not injured in the attack. venezuela's president has asked cuban scientists to help deal with the drought. scientists and technicians will use airplanes with special equipment to seed clouds above the orinoco river. water rationing was introduced in the capital after the water supply fell by 25%.
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>> this is "world news today" from bbc world news. the man had lines. president obama is on his first day visit to china. he is in beijing for high level meetings with chinese leadership. let us get some more analysis on our top story. joining me from oxford -- oxford is a specialist in asian affairs at st. antony's college, oxford university. thank you for being with us. i have just spoken a little bit to our correspondent earlier on about what obama's views are and what america wants to get out of it. what do you think china is looking for from this trip? >> i think the chinese are looking for a successful visit by president obama, a visit that in a sense that will push the relationship of china and the u.s. beyond the bush era where under the administration china was being described as a country that should become a responsible
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stakeholder. china would like to -- obama to project the image that china is a responsible stakeholder. >> what does it mean? has obama got to say certain things, do certain things for the chinese government, the leadership, to think that is what has been achieved? >> saying the right things i think is the most and pour the issue from their perspective. in terms of issue that they could agree, they did not really need obama to go to china. but obama has been able to say the right things to the chinese and therefore they are hoping on this occasion, his first year in office, they will be able to come to china and tell the rest of the world that the chinese are working with the united states and the rest of the world on important issues like china edged -- climate change, career, and perhaps even iran. >> this visit takes place
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obviously with the backdrop of global financial crisis, recession, many countries although coming out of it. has that changed the relationship between the two companies -- countries. does that put china in a different place. i think it does at least from a chinese perspective. they are now in a position in which they feel like they have a better story to tell than the americans. that they would like the rest of the world to think america was responsible for bringing the world and to the current situation and china has done more than anybody else in pulling the world out of the recession into growth again. whether it is true or not is of course a different matter, but they would like that to be projected. >> thank you very much for your time. >> a sum of looking at how to best safeguard food supplies in
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the future is opened in rome. the failure of leaders of the world's wealthiest to attend has been criticid by organizers. there are dire predictions of food this shortages fuelled by a global population boom. correspondent sets out the issues that are at the center of the food security debate. >> it is a simple question of supply and demand and the demand for food is about to increase massively. it is estimated by the middle of this century the global population will let grown to over 9 billion, that is 2 1/2 billion more mouths to feed them are today. and it is not just the numbers. in developing economies like india and china, the growing middle class, they are eating less rice and more meat, which is much more inefficient to produce. at the same time as demand is increasing, supply could become more difficult. there are fears that climate
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change could turn poor farmland into desert and there could be global shortages of fertilizer and minerals used for intensive crop production. but the real problem is this stuff, water. and there are alarming warnings from the u.s. and that the world faces a serious water crisis. bad news for crop production. what can be done? in the second half of the 20th- century, scientists and farmers managed to double food production. by industrial lighting -- industrializing farming, in a scientific approach. it was called the green revolution and now there is a call for it to happen all over again scientists are looking at technologies such as genetic modification to improve yields or did the same amount of food use and less water, fertilizer, or fuel. such technology can be controversial. some argue that eating less meat and replacing it with more efficiently produce fruit and vegetables is a better way forward.
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it there also campaigns for consumers to eat more locally produced food. to that end, a huge greenhouses in the u.k., for instance, are producing crops that could not be grown in the natural climate. international leaders of this week's summit in rome know they need to act to protect food security. in developed countries, failure may mean a mass in convenience for consumers but in other regions, notably africa, getting this issue wrong is a matter of life and death. jeremy cooke, bbc news. >> here is the sports. if you are young and good at sport and have a dream, he might have news for you. >> it is worth all of the hours of practice. now, -- thousands of hours of practice. michelle wie qualified back in 2001 for her professional tournaments. eight years later, the 20-year- old hawaiian finally has a major
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title. an invitational in mexico. paul cramer when 2 under par sun. so the question was on wie. if she had bogeyed the last told the parliament would have been decided by a playoff. look at the brilliant recovery from the bunker. she sank it. her first ever title. >> i don't even know. i'm just so bewildered by everything. i am just so happy. >> she should be happy because the organizer of the golf open championship -- wilson will be able to play in the next five. back in july before his -- he came within one cut becoming the oldest ever winner of ever -- any major any sense celebrated
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his 60th birthday. new regulations give any former whether that finishes in the top-10 a five-year entry to the open so hopefully he will be back. after sunday night's games in the nfl two games remain unbeaten, new orleans saints and also the indianapolis colts, winning this one by one point again to the visiting new england patriots. sunday's highest scoring encounter. for most of it it looks as if tom bray's passing would be enough. they led by 17 points in the fourth quarter when suddenly the colts rallied. peyton manning, a touchdown that cut the deficit to attend. then driving within six at that stage. 13 seconds remaining. peyton manning's fourth touchdown pass, this time to rgie white. winning it for indianapolis, 35- 34.
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in pittsburgh home team fell to the leaders of the day of the sea north, cincinnati bengals. here we are on offense, the highlight of the whole game, 96 yard kickoff return and that leads to a touchdown, 18-12 the final score for the bengals. that is athletic. brilliant. >> thank you. if you are keen to put high class sparkling your life and you've got the money to do it, why not had to switzerland? that is where some of the world's rarest and most viable precious stones about to go under the hammer. it seems there is no downturn in the demand for diamonds. the report now from geneva. then that a diamond and ruby necklace once owned by a duchess. earings to match. sapphire's smuggled out of czarist russia just days before the revolution.
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beautiful baubles of all shapes, sizes, and colors, are bringing a sparkle to the geneva winter. >> perhaps surprisingly, t star of the show is among the smaller stuff. this is one of the only really green diamonds in the world. the price, $3 million to $5 million, well out of my creche range. i have to give it back. despite the financial downturn there is a key interest. never mind the high price tags. the market for precious stones, like diamonds themselves, seems to be in turn appeared -- eternal. people have been buying them for thousands of years. a certain amount of comfort for people. but recent sales, extraordinary successful, and the recent sales in new york and hong kong the last couple of months showing a
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good and strong market for jewelry stones. >> so, if you do have the odd million or five to spare and fancy investing in a little when -- winter sparkle, geneva's jewelry auction may have just the thing for you. but be warned. with so many stunning stone this -- stones up for sale, the choice may be very, very difficult. bbc news, geneva. >> and a reminder of our top story, at the start of his first visit to china president obama said that washington and beijing need not be adversaries and the world would benefit if they cooperated. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> bbc world news was presented by kcet, los angeles. by kcet, los angeles.
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